RICHARD BENJAMIN TRUST
Research supported in 2011
Dr R Nash, Surrey Umiversity
The criminal justice process relies heavily on witnesses to provide memory evidence, and so it is imperative that these witnesses’ reports are as complete and accurate as possible. Yet in a high proportion of cases, police do not interview witnesses until several days or even weeks after a crime occurs. This research explored for the first time whether video-conferencing technology could offer a modern solution to this spiralling problem, by asking whether or not video-mediation would interfere with witnesses’ capacity to provide detailed accounts of what they saw. Aided by interviewing techniques used in UK policing, mock witnesses were interviewed either face-to-face or via video-link, and we assessed the accuracy and completeness of their memory reports.
Dr Anna Sutton, Manchester Metropolitan University
Inconsistency between people’s work and home personalities is associated with poorer well-being, performance and satisfaction. Yet there is also good evidence that the ability to adapt one’s approach to different contexts can be beneficial and lead to greater success at work. This study explores the idea that it is individual authenticity (the feeling of being true to oneself) rather than simple consistency between role personalities that is the key factor in understanding these conflicting findings. Using both quantitative and qualitative approaches, this research also seeks to identify the strategies that individuals employ in integrating or differentiating their role personalities and what impact these strategies have on well-being and performance.Recommendations will be developedfor how organisations and individuals can maintain professional behaviour at work yet still safeguard well-being and productivity.
Dr Simon Goodman, Coventry University
This project addressed the experiences of refugees in the United Kingdom, by conducting interviews with refugees living in a British city. Analysis of the data demonstrated that refugees know very little about the UK before they arrive; and contrary to media portrayal and ‘popular opinion’ they are looking for safety. Refugees present the UK as a ‘safe place’ compared to their countries of origin. The fear of being returned to their host country is a cause of considerable anxiety for them. Refugees who are seeking asylum nevertheless can have a very difficult time in the UK and when they do, they find it hard to express their difficulties, which increase their suffering and the psychological impact of their experiences. The research found problems with the way in which the Home Office deals with refugees in the asylum system. Poor/inadequate treatment leads to refugees feeling anxious, frustrated and ‘controlled,’ which has serious implications for their day-to-day lives. Refugees desire official refugee status most. There is no evidence of a lack of willingness to integrate or of any ‘clash of cultures’. Based on the findings, the following recommendations are made: The Home Office should provide clear and detailed information to refugees about the processes involved in asylum applications; Within decision making, the ‘culture of disbelief’ is dangerous and must be changed; Government policy needs to move from being designed to deter and return applicants and instead should be focussed on protecting refugees in need, supporting their need for safety and adequate responses to their health and justice needs; Refugees should be allowed to work whilst going through the asylum process. S Goodman
Application Deadline 13/03/2015
Previous grant holders research is now available to be downloaded